Cosmetic Surgery



Scar revision is surgery to improve or reduce the appearance of scars. It also restores function, and corrects skin changes (disfigurement) caused by an injury, wound, or previous surgery. Scar tissue forms as skin heals after an injury (such as an accident) or surgery. The amount of scarring may be determined by the wound size, depth, and location; the person's age; heredity; and skin characteristics, including color (pigmentation). Not all the factors that affect a scar are completely understood.
Depending on the extent of the surgery, scar revision can be done while you are awake (local anesthesia), sleeping (sedated), or deep asleep and pain-free (general anesthesia). Medications (topical corticosteroids, anesthetic ointments, and antihistamine creams) can reduce the symptoms of itching and tenderness. A treatment called silicone gel sheeting or ointment has been shown to benefit swollen, hypertrophic scars and may help flatten them or make them less painful. There is no evidence showing that any other topical (applied directly to the scar) treatment works. In fact, Vitamin E applied directly to the skin may actually cause the wound to heal more slowly and may cause irritation.
When to have scar revision done is not always clear. Scars shrink and become less noticeable as they age. You may be able to wait for surgical revision until the scar lightens in color, which can be several months or even a year after the wound has healed. For some scars, however, it is best to have revision surgery 60 to 90 days after the scar matures.


Rhinoplast ( nose to shape), a nose job, is a plastic surgery procedure for correcting and reconstructing the form, restoring the functions, and aesthetically enhancing the nose, by resolving nasal trauma (blunt,penetrating, blast), congenital defect, respiratory impediment, and a failed primary rhinoplasty. In the surgeries — closed rhinoplastyand open rhinoplasty — an otolaryngologist (ear, nose, and throat specialist), a maxillofacial surgeon (jaw, face, and neck specialist), or a plastic surgeon, creates a functional, aesthetic, and facially proportionate nose by separating the nasal skin and the soft tissues from the osseo-cartilaginous nasal framework, correcting them as required for form and function, suturing the incisions, and applying either a package or a stent, or both, to immobilize the corrected nose to ensure the proper healing of the surgical incision.
Rhinoplasty can increase or decrease the size of your nose, change the angles of your nose or change the size of your nostrils. Finding a qualified plastic surgeon to discuss the ins and outs of a nose job before the procedure is important.


Laser hair removal for unwanted hair has become one of the most common cosmetic procedures performed . Laser hair removal utilizes beams of highly concentrated light designed to selectively penetrate into the hair follicles, to be absorbed by the pigment in the hair follicles and to destroy the hair within that hair follicle. The procedure was originally described to be performed on dark hairs on light skin; newer technologies have made the procedure safer for patients with darker skin and those of color. Various types of lasers are utilized with laser hair removal – the most common of which are alexandrite, diode, Neodymium YAG and intense pulsed light sources. The ruby, alexandrite, diode and intense pulsed light systems were the first lasers approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for hair reduction.
Most individuals will require a series of treatments over time which will result in the removal of the unwanted hair. Most of the lasers and light sources are FDA cleared for permanent hair reduction, which means reduction over time. Some individuals will see very long term hair removal which may last for many years.


A breast implant is a prosthesis used to change the size, form, and texture of a woman’s breast; in plastic surgery, breast implants are applied for post–mastectomy breast reconstruction; for correcting congenital defects and deformities of the chest wall; for aestheticbreast augmentation; and for creating breasts in the male-to-female transsexual patient.
There are three general types of breast implant devices, defined by their filler material: saline solution, silicone gel, and composite filler. The saline implant has an elastomer silicone shell filled with sterile saline solution; the silicone implant has an elastomer silicone shell filled with viscous silicone gel; and the alternative composition implants featured miscellaneous fillers, such as soy oil,polypropylene string In surgical practice, for the reconstruction of a breast, the tissue expander device is a temporary breast prosthesis used to form and establish an implant pocket for emplacing the permanent breast implant. For the correction of male breast defects and deformities, the pectoral implant is the breast prosthesis used for the reconstruction and the aesthetic repair of a man’s chest wall (see: gynecomastiaand mastopexy).
A breast implant is a medical prosthesis that is placed inside the breast to augment, reconstruct or create the physical form of the breast. The outer layer of breast implants is made of firm silicone. The inside of the implant is filled either with salt water (saline solution), silicone gel, or a composite of alternative substances. Makers of breast implants say they should last for at least ten years.


Chin augmentation using surgical implants can alter the underlying structure of the face, providing better balance to the facial features. The specific medical terms mentoplasty and genioplasty are used to refer to the reduction and addition of material to a patient's chin. This can take the form of chin height reduction or chin rounding by osteotomy, or chin augmentation using implants. This operation is often, but not always, performed at the time of rhinoplasty to help balance the facial proportions. Chin augmentation may be achieved by manipulation of the jaw bone (mandible) and augmentation utilizing this technique usually provides a more dramatic correction than with the use of prosthetic implants.
Chin implants are to build a better profile. Patients' own bone is donated from ribs and from part of the pelvis (the ilium.) Use of donated bone implants in chin augmentation, even the patient’s own, appears to be associated with a higher rate of infection, even after the implant has been in place for decades. Chin augmentation is still popular because it is a relatively easy operation for the patient while producing noticeable changes in the silhouette of the face. This type of surgery is usually performed by an oral and maxillofacial surgeon, otolaryngologist, or plastic surgeon.
Darkcircles Dark circles are caused due to various reasons. Often heredity causes dark circles. People who are born with thinner skins under their eyes often expose the dark veins underneath and they appear as dark circles. Fatigue and shortage of sleep also causes dark circles. Sinus problems and pregnancy are also causes of dark circles. The bony structure of the skull into which eyes are deeply set can also develop shadows typically called the dark circles. As sunlight increases the pigmentation level it causes under eye tanning and thus dark circles. Some medications cause dilated blood vessels which when revealed through the lighter under eye skins seem to be dark and cause dark circles. Shortage of some essential nutrients in diet can also cause dark circles. Hormonal imbalances as a product of menstruation, pregnancy or menopause can also cause dark circles. The skin under the eyes also turns dark as we advance in age.


The "Stem Cell Facelift" is a complete facial rejuvenation procedure without involving any surgery. It works to restore the youthful contour and shape of the face as well as skin tightness and even out color irregularities caused by the ageing process and environmental sun exposure. This technique frequently avoids, or reduces the need for repeated Botox and cosmetic filler injections.
Fat grafting to the face has been known and utilized for over a decade with varying amount of success from patient to patient. This new approach of transplanting "Adult Stem Cells" and fat from the lower abdominal or medial thigh area, and awakening them as well as the local stem cells within three layers of the face with specific stem cell growth factors, is a revolutionary technique of facial rejuvenation. The transplanted Fat cells, and particularly the Adult Stem Cells, are now known to be a source of "hormone-like" substances that enhance both skin quality and the underlying subcutaneous-fatty tissues of the cheeks, the mid face and the skin in general. These specific "Stem Cell Growth Factors" induce the skin and fatty layers to produce more of their own cells.
The Factors stimulate or initiate "a signal" to both the local stem cells within the skin and fat as well as the transplanted adult stem cells from the lower abdomen to multiply and restore themselves. The result is a long-term marked improvement that enhances both skin quality as well as the underlying youthful contours of the face; a completely "NATURAL" result. The patients treated have exhibited marked improvement not only in the underlying soft tissue contours of the face but the skin texture and color.
Additionally, this technique treats the skin surface with a special solution to remove the effectsof the ageing process (i.e. sun damage and age spots), as well as restoring the age relatedvolume loss or upper face